Inclusion and Multiculturalism Theories

Multiculturalism is the conviction framework that includes four degrees of social activities and that comes all round in enabling all people inside a social structure or an organization. Multicultural theories definitive aim is to instill social reconciliation at all levels of society through social organizations, school set ups being the essential medium. In a normal social set up, inequities and inequalities are very evident. In such a case, education is a very good equalizer since it is one of the factors that levels the playing field. In this discussion, we are going to identify and discuss social themes that affect educational practice as well as policy decisions in grown-up’s education then look at comparison of different multiculturalism theories. Contrast of various multiculturalism theories will also be outlined in this discussion.

The Critical Race Theory

The Critical Race Theory assaults the theoretical and practical establishments of concrete racism in a deeper aspect. According to this particular theory, students experience isolation, self-doubt as well as exclusion following a period of macroaggressions that is caused by racial interaction (Delgado, 2017). This is evident even in schools, where racism may seem as decile. The CRT comprises of six foundational theories of racial concept. Racism is viewed as a social norm, Racism promotes whites dominance, and Racism is only experienced by people from marginalized areas and cannot be experienced by whites. Interest convergence is another principle that is overarching in the race relations. Another foundation theory states that racism is highly maintained in all the social systems. It is important to note that the mentioned theories are just an assumption that reflects the structure and design of adult education.


Banks Theory

The concept of the Five Dimensions of Multicultural Education was derived by Bank. This theory includes the process of knowledge construction, integration of content, reduction of prejudice, empowering both social and school culture, and equity pedagogy. In this theory, Bank elaborates each the dimensions of multicultural inclusion into details (Banks 1995). To start with, content coordination speaks to the combination of social substance to underline key ideas and speculations. Second, information development process comprises of the techniques, exercises, and questions used to encourage comprehension of the course material. Research shows how social assorted variety impacts information development. Third, the prejudice reduction measurement identifies with the students’ racial perspectives and the methodology that the teacher can utilize to help them in developing increasingly popularity based racial attitude. Okoye-Johnson finished up from a met analysis, student anti-racist attitudes was recorded as a decrease when they were exposed to multicultural education. Fourth, value instructional method energizes the change of instructing methodologies to build the scholarly accomplishment of among underestimated understudy populaces.

At the point when methodologies and exercises are utilized that expand on the understudies’ way of life, understudies of shading or low-pay understudies make expanded scholarly progress. Fifth, the last measurement is engaging school culture and social structure. Powerful execution of school change includes more than the including a bilingual program or a Holidays and Heroes program, the whole framework must be rebuilt.



Nieto’s Model

Nieto’s Theory is a major proponent of the CRT. It is an expanded idea of the normal multiculturalism that involves leaders, instructors and students’ reforms in the educational responsibility in the social set up. The main aim of the Nieto’s model is to achieve inclusion of multicultural at the institutional level. Just as the rest of the theories outlined earlier, this specific theory has four levels. The first level is tolerance. It is identified by respect and awareness of differences (Nieto, 2000). The second level is scholarly acknowledgement of differences and importance of the multiculturalism. At the third level, regard for contrasts creates suggesting high interests and esteeming of contrasts. Finally, at the fourth level, solidarity, affirmation and critique are represented as a willingness to struggle with contrast so as to produce unity among diverse people in the universe.

Nieto’s model enhanced innovative curricular as well as administrative changes, improved unity among students and improved cultural awareness in a general aspect. In a nutshell, this theory directly concerns the issues of equity, identity and access for all students and teachers in matters of integration and inclusion. For example, colored people tend to seek education far from the social framework since it is limiting hence creating a threat to their studies. Nieto’s therefore seeks for dialogue that facilitates equality without partiality. He urges students to awake and fight for institutions that promotes unity among the students regardless of their race. Teachers should take charge to model their students into a multicultural interaction and ensure they relate well with their fellow students.

All in all, the condition of multicultural training in the country is still in-transition. The governmental issues of intensity and strength must be done away with, or at least minimized, for bona fide learning and veritable multicultural cooperation. It is critical to notice the voices of real multiculturalism and extensive reconciliation and incorporation for singular fates and the eventual fate of the country.



Banks, J. A. (1995). Cross‐cultural awareness and curriculum transformation. Journal of Negro

Education64, 390-400.

Delgado, R., & Stefancic, J. (2017). Critical race theory: An introduction (Vol. 20). NYU Press.

Nieto, S. (2000). Placing equity front and center: Some thoughts on transforming teacher

education for a new century. Journal of teacher education51(3), 180-187.

What you get from our essay writing service

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
× How can I help you?