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Write a 6–8-page analysis in which you discuss the theoretical framework of the research presented in one of the articles you wrote about in Assessment 2.
Note: Demonstrating your understanding of the research process requires specific steps that need to be executed in a sequence. The assessments in this course are presented in sequence and must be completed in order.
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
*THESE COMPETENCIES MUST BE MET AND SCORED AT MINIMUM AS PROFICIENT* *SEE ATTACHED SCORING GUIDE*
Competency 2: Evaluate the characteristics, purposes, benefits, strengths, and weaknesses of research methods.
Explain how theory guides research in a selected field of study.
Competency 5: Examine the appropriate application of scientific research methodology.
Describe the theory or theories that provide the framework of the research.
Analyze how researchers used a theory or theories to provide the framework for the research.
Evaluate the contribution the research made to the theory or theories.
Competency 6: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the identified field of study.
Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the identified field of study.
Theories provide structure and guidance for research. In return, research helps advance and build theories. You might say that theories and research have a reciprocal relationship in which each benefits the other. With perhaps a few exceptions, all research needs to be grounded in theory to have scientific merit. Obvious exceptions to this are those exploratory studies whose purpose is to generate new theories, though there is some debate about this (Greenwald, Pratkanis, Leippe, & Baumgardner, 1986). Theories provide a way to organize knowledge and make predictions about phenomena. It is important to develop your knowledge and understanding of theories in your field for successful completion of your capstone course at the end of your program.
*ATTACHED IN SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS*
Read the Assessment 3 Context [PDF] document for an example of how theory is an important tool for researchers.
Greenwald, A. G., Pratkanis, A. R., Leippe, M. R., & Baumgardner, M. H. (1986). Under what conditions does theory obstruct research progress? Psychological Review, 93(2), 216–229.
Questions to Consider
As you prepare to complete this assessment, you may want to think about other related issues to deepen your understanding or broaden your viewpoint. You are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community. Note that these questions are for your own development and exploration and do not need to be completed or submitted as part of your assessment.
Why do researchers use theory as a framework for a study?
Research with scientific merit contributes to theories. Why is this important?
How does theory provide a framework for future studies?
What role does theory play in your professional life or career specialization?
You must format this assessment according to APA guidelines. Additional resources about APA can be found in the Research Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom. Use the resources as needed to guide your work.
APA Paper Template [DOCX]. *ATTACHED IN SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS*
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Available from the bookstore.
The resources provided here are optional. You may use other resources of your choice to prepare for this assessment; however, you will need to ensure that they are appropriate, credible, and valid. Review the research guide for your area of study using the using the Programs of Research – Library Companion Guides. The Program Guides for your area of specialization may be helpful, as well. These guides can help direct your research, and the Supplemental Resources and Research Resources, both linked from the left navigation menu in your courseroom, provide additional resources to help support you.
The assessment requires you to identify how the research contributes to or relates to a particular theory in your area of specialization.
Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2019). Practical research: Planning and design (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. Available from the bookstore.
Chapter 1, “The Nature and Tools of Research,” pages 1–29.
This chapter is a good general resource and includes information about theory building on pages 23–24.
â€‹This resource includes information about how to “mine” a bibliography and information about how theory can be addressed in different types of articles.
These reference volumes provide details about multiple psychological theories.
van Lange, P. A. M., Kruglanski, A. W., & Higgins, E. T. (2012). Handbook of theories of social psychology: Volume 1. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
van Lange, P. A. M., Kruglanski, A. W., & Higgins, E. T. (2012). Handbook of theories of social psychology: Volume 2. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Wenzel, A. (Ed.). (2017). The Sage encyclopedia of abnormal and clinical psychology. (Vols. 1–7). Thousand Oaks,, CA: SAGE Publications Ltd.
The search function in this resources can help you find theory related to different topics. Search for (without quotes) “theory” or “theoretical”.
Theory in Research
Assessment 3 Context [PDF].
This course files provides an examples of the role of theory in research.
Role of Theory in Research | Transcript.
This resource explains the role of theory in research. Use this as background to identify the theoretical framework of articles you find in your research.
Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532–550.
Ellemers, N. (2013). Connecting the dots: Mobilizing theory to reveal the big picture in social psychology (and why we should do this). European Journal of Social Psychology, 43(1), 1–8.
In this article, the author claims that publication of bits of knowledge without theoretical grounding hinders progress in the field.
Higgins, E. T. (2004). Making a theory useful: Lessons handed down. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8(2), 138–145.
This article discusses the characteristics of useful theories. It also discusses the limitations of theories (what they are not), how theories guide discoveries, and building theories.
Hawley, P. H., & Williford, A. (2014). Articulating the theory of bullying intervention programs: Views from social psychology, social work, and organizational science. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 37, 3–15.
This article provides an example of potential problems that are produced by failure to use supported theories in research and in practice—in this case, bullying intervention programs. The lack of effectiveness in these programs may be due to the failure to utilize appropriate theories. The authors suggest how to rethink the strategies of bullying intervention programs by using different theories.
Identifying the Research Question
This assessment requires you to analyze how answering the research question will contribute to theory.
Research Topic, Research Problem, Research Question: What Is the Difference? | Transcript.
This resource helps you identify the research problem and the research question, and helps you distinguish between them.
Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2019). Practical research: Planning and design (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. Available from the bookstore.
Chapter 2, “The Problem: The Heart of the Research Process,” pages 30–57.
This chapter provides information about research problems. Note that the authors do not differentiate research problems from research questions. For this course, however, there is a difference between a research problem and a research question.
For this assessment, use either the qualitative or quantitative research article you used in Assessment 2. Complete the following to prepare:
Reread the articles, paying close attention to the theory or theories the researchers discuss or mention in the introduction to the article.
Select the article that best lends itself to this assessment.
Note that qualitative research studies sometimes may not provide a theoretical framework. If this is the case for your qualitative article, do not choose it for this assessment.
If neither of the articles you chose in Assessment 2 discusses a theoretical framework for the research, you may select a different article for this assessment that discusses a theoretical framework used for the research. Use the same criteria for choosing the article that are listed in Assessment 2.
Using the Capella University Library, find and read at least five additional articles that discuss the theory or theories in your chosen research article to deepen your understanding of how the theories provide the framework for the research study.
You might find a reference for the theoretical article by noting the citations used in the research article and looking up the source information in the References section of the article. Otherwise, you can begin your search by using the name of the theory as a search term in your database search.
In 6–8 pages, write an analysis in which you complete the following:
Begin your work with an introduction that explains the purpose of the analysis and its contents.
Discuss the general importance of theory in research, how theory guides research, and then how research contributes to theory.
Identify and describe the theory used to provide the framework for your chosen research article.
Use the theoretical articles you found about the theory to help support your description, making sure to properly cite all information.
Analyze how the researchers used the theory or theories to provide the framework for the research.
As you answer this, some things to consider are how the theory guided the literature review, the identification of the research problem, the selection of variables, the selection of the research population, and the research questions.
Continuing with the research article, analyze how answering its research questions will contribute to the identified theory or theories.
For example, how might answering the research questions test the theory, extend it to different contexts, generate a new theory, or add to the current tenets of the theory?
Evaluate how well you think the theory or theories provide a framework for the research study.
Include both strengths and limitations when evaluating the contribution the research made to the theory or theories.
End your paper with a summary and conclusion.
As much as possible, the assessment should be written in your own words; it may include paraphrased information that is properly cited in the current APA style.
If you need to quote, do so sparingly, and make sure you have cited quoted material according to the current APA style.
Your assessment needs to demonstrate your understanding of the material, not how well you can quote someone else’s work.
Write in a professional tone, without writing errors.
Include a title page and references page, using the current APA style and format.
Write 6–8 pages with 1-inch margins, plus a title page and references page. An abstract is not required.
Include at least 5 current scholarly or professional resources.
Use APA-style headings to organize your paper.
Use Times New Roman font, 12 point.
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